Essay On Gardens By The Bay

Family Travel Blog - Travellng with Kids

Gardens by the Bay is a must see on any visit to Singapore and was one of the attractions that made it onto our short list of things to do during our recent visit. It’s been 13 years since Craig and I first visited Singapore, there was no Marina Bay back then and Sentosa Island was nothing like it is now. This man made tourist mecca really is worth a visit even if you’re only on a stopover.

We stayed at the Holiday Inn Singapore Orchard City Centre. We took the MRT down to the Marina Bay precinct, you could easily spend a whole day wandering around there. The crowning glory is of course the distinctively shaped Marina Bay Sands Hotel. We had the opportunity to stay there on our first evening and I have to say the infinity pool on the 57th floor is pretty spectacular.

Marina Bay Sands Hotel

Bayfront MRT is approximately 5 stops from Orchard Rd so if you want to save some money, I advise to stay closer to Orchard Rd and get the MRT down to the bay area. Prices for hotels closer to this area are pretty steep so making use of the very efficient MRT will save you a fair whack of money. A new MRT line is under construction with a new station at Gardens by the Bay but it won’t be open to the public until 2021, a little way off yet.

The Singapore MRT is very clean and always on time, we travelled out of peak hour!

Gardens by the Bay

Once you exit the Bayfront MRT station, you very quickly see the Super Tree Grove towering above. It’s quite exciting as you start to get closer and see the OCBC Skyway hanging between a few of the towers. The best thing about this area is unless you want to visit the enclosed exhibits, its totally free. The surrounding gardens are free to wander around and you can get some great photos with the iconic Marina Bay Sands in the background. We only had a few hours in the afternoon and I must admit I was pretty disappointed I didn’t get to see this at night.

Gardens by the Bay with Marina Bay Sands in the background.

Gardens by the Bay consists of 3 waterfront gardens, Bay South Garden, Bay East Garden and Bay Central Garden. All the gardens are connected and the whole site is situated on 101 hectares of reclaimed land. There are two conservatories as well, the Cloud Forest and the Flower Dome.

Super Tree Grove

The Super Tree Grove is what you see in a lot of the photos of Singapore these days. There are a total of 18 Super Trees with 12 of them located in the Grove. The Super Trees are tree like (obviously) structures ranging in height from 25-50 metres. They are vertical gardens that are illuminated at night using solar power which is built into there structure. The structures are covered in unique and exotic flora which is still growing around the frames of the trees and I am sure once it is complete it will look even more spectacular. The structures also gather rain water which is used to maintain the expansive gardens.

Super Tree Grove was my favourite, the design is amazing, you can see it for miles.

On the OCBC Skyway, the views are amazing.

The OCBC Skyway provides a panoramic birds eye view of the gardens. The Skyway is accessed from a lift in one of the Super Trees and you walk along the elevated platform to another Super Tree about 200 metres away, this keeps the crowd moving in one direction. It’s the ideal spot to get some great photos of the Marina Bay area and the Singapore Flyer is also in view.

There’s 18 Super Trees, most of them in Super Tree Grove.

Flower Dome Conservatory

Unfortunately during our visit the Flower Dome was closed for temporary renovations. I was disappointed because I absolutely love flowers and can still vividly remember seeing all the beautiful orchids at the Botanic Gardens during our first visit on our honeymoon and. I think this would have rivalled that experience had it been open.

Source: www.gardenbythebay.com.sg

The Flower Dome is made up of 7 different gardens and an olive grove and bistro. The gardens feature plants and flowers from cool and dry regions including the Mediterranean and parts of Australia, South America and South Africa. The plants are mostly from semi arid tropical regions.

Cloud Forest Conservatory

The Cloud Forest is slightly smaller than the Flower Dome and is built over a number of levels. It successfully attempts to replicate the cool moist conditions located in tropic mountain areas located in South East Asia, America and South America. Its a lovely cool respite from the heat outside, especially the waterfall mist when you first walk in.

Cloud Forest – Gardens by the Bay.

I especially enjoyed the delicate ferns and beautiful orchids on display and the kids enjoyed a blast from the past, with the carnivorous venus fly trap plants at the entrance (remember them, so retro!).  The Lost Garden at the top of the structure is where you will find most of the beautiful flowers. The kids enjoyed looking out through the open windows behind the waterfall and feeling the drops fall on their faces.

The Lost Garden – Cloud Forest

Venus Fly Traps made out of lego?

The Lost Garden

Children’s Garden

I’m a bit embarrassed to say, we didn’t make it here, it was an oversight and I’m disappointed we missed it. I have since seen photo’s and I can see any child would love this wonderful area to have a splash and a play. It’s particularly disappointing as we were there when it was extremely hot and humid and we all could have done with a cool down. Located close to the Children’s Garden is the Adventure Trail that has kids trampolines, balancing beams, hanging bridges and the water play area.

Source: www.gardenbythebay.com.sg

Eating at Gardens by the Bay

There are a number of restaurants and cafes at Gardens by the Bay; Pollen, Majestic Bay Seafood Restaurant, Indochina, Bakerzin, Cafe Crema, Satay by the Bay, Conservatory Cafe and Children Garden Cafe. As you can see there is a wide variety of food to choose from and if all else fails there’s also a McDonald’s on site to keep the kids happy. A new restaurant recently opened called Super Tree Dining is located at the top of the highest Super Tree and I’m sure the view would be amazing.

On our recent trip to Singapore we dined at Satay by the Bay, a hawker market style food hall located at Gardens by the Bay. The kids enjoyed delicious Singaporean dishes such as dumplings and satay sticks and Craig had crab. This a great place to have dinner and very cost effective too, it’s licensed so you can even get your Tiger Tower if that floats your boat!

Ice cream, refreshments anyone?? Just stick your leg out!!

If you’re just after a drink or ice cream, you will find cute little refreshment van’s driving around. Just flag them down and purchase your chosen refreshment – the lemon and lime ice cream is delicious.

Gift Shops

There are 3 gift stores where you can purchase something to remember your visit to Gardens by the Bay. We visited the Arrival Gift Shop at the entrance, there is also the Canopy Gift Shop behind the ticketing booth and the Conservatory Gift Shop between the exits of the Flower Dome and Cloud Forest. You are highly likely to come across all of them as you wander around.

Arrival Gift Shop – for all things Gardens by the Bay.

Cost

If you are only planning to visit the gardens and keep your feet planted on the ground, your in luck, that won’t cost you anything! Yep, zip, zero, zilch!

If you would like to visit the two Conservatories, I have listed the cost in Singapore dollars below:

Adult                                            SGD28

Child                                            SGD15     (2-12 years old)

There is an extra cost to go up to the OCBC Skyway:

Adult                                           SGD8

Child                                            SGD5

If you are thinking that these costs are not in your budget, I still recommend visiting as everything else is free of charge. The area is very busy and a very happening area of Singapore, its definitely worth the visit either way.

 Getting Around

Not all of us are able to walk as far as others, it’s particularly difficult in the heat and humidity. For those not up for the walk, no need to miss out, there are the following options for getting around:

Auto Rider                                           SGD5

Shuttle Bus                                          SGD3       (bus runs every 10mins)

Outdoor Garden Audio Tour           SGD8

Verdict

I really enjoyed Gardens by the Bay, we were on a very tight schedule on this visit and if I had my time over again I would make sure we arrived later in the afternoon and stayed until after sunset. I think while this area was beautiful during the day, I think it would be something spectacular at night. I would head there at 5pm, let the kids play in the playgrounds until closer to sunset then get dried and head into the Conservatories to be out in time for the lights to come on.

Some of my favs! Wandering around the gardens.

Just playing!

The OCBC Skyway

The Bayfront MRT station is a bit of a hike from the entrance of Gardens by the Bay, you sort of come out at the back so its perfect if you finish there and head to the MRT. Taxi’s are very economical in Singapore so if travelling with kids or elderly I would consider getting a taxi to the entrance, walking though and then getting the MRT back to your accommodation. Particularly if its very hot and humid.

Going later in the day might also be better as you are not walking around in the heat of the day. It is a long walk so another option if you do get the MRT is to get the shuttle bus to the entrance and work back from there. It’s relatively inexpensive and will make sure the kids last the distance!

We love Singapore as a family friendly destination and feel it is often overlooked. There are so many things to do in Singapore with kids and below are a few of my favourites:

Singapore Zoo & Breakfast with the organutans – one of the top zoos in the world, the open organutan enclosure or lack of enclosure is definitely a must see.

Night Safari – also located at the Singapore Zoo is a guided tour in a tram where you can view nocturnal animals and see what goes on at night. There is also a Creatures of the Night performance that focuses on recycle, reuse, reduce message for the kids.

Universal Studios Singapore – located on Sentosa Island where the kids can meet some of their favourite characters include Gru and the Minions from Despicable Me, Sesame Street favourites and Shrek and Princes Fiona.

Kidzania Singapore – this was our first visit to a Kidzania and the kids loved it, they were able to role play in employment roles such as pilot, flight crew, doctor, dentist, shop assistant, radio DJ and ice cream maker.

Happy travels,

Sal & Co.

Disclaimer: We had a mutually beneficial arrangement with Garden by the Bay although as usual, our opinions are our own.

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Gardens by the Bay


Gardens by the Bay comprises three public gardens in Marina Bay occupying a total land area of 1,010,000 sq m (101 ha).1 Built on reclaimed land, the three gardens – Bay South, Bay East and Bay Central – started out as projects of the National Parks Board (NParks).2 They have since grown to become part of an independently managed organisation.3 Housed within the Gardens are cooled conservatories, individual themed gardens, event and dining spaces, connecting waterways, lakes, aerial bridges and the showpiece Supertrees. The latter are structures up to 50 m in height, covered by plants.4 Bay South, the largest garden, officially opened on 29 June 2012.5

Background
The Gardens by the Bay was conceptualised in 2005 as a key component of the government’s “City in a Garden” vision, which evolved from Singapore’s reputation as a Garden City.6 NParks envisioned a garden that would eventually rival iconic green spaces like Central Park in New York and London’s Kew Gardens, and become a defining feature of Singapore’s aspirations to become a global city.7 A new public green space in the city area was also needed, as the Singapore Botanic Gardens was overstretched by the demands of leisure, research and academic usage.8 It was thus decided that Gardens by the Bay would be the focal point for horticultural recreation, while the Botanic Gardens would cater mainly to education, research and conservation.9

The Gardens project was led by former NParks chief executive Tan Wee Kiat, who subsequently became the chief executive officer of Gardens by the Bay.10 Tan promoted the Gardens as a public space for all Singaporeans in the prime area of Marina Bay.11 He also sought public funding for the project and the usage of a prime plot of land by pointing out that an iconic green space would boost the commercial value of developments around it as well as enhance Singapore’s economic and tourism appeal.12 Tan has credited the support of former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew as being instrumental to the success of the project.13

Design process, construction and development
In January 2006, NParks launched a competition for the masterplan and design of the Gardens.14 The competition was open to local and international architects and landscape planners, and drew more than 70 entries by 170 firms from 24 countries, including entries by well-known architectural firms such as Office for Metropolitan Architecture, and Foster and Partners.15 The 11-member international jury assessed the designs based on their appeal to both local and foreign recreation-seekers as well as the profiles of the design teams.16

Four months later, the designs of 10 teams consisting of 38 firms were shortlisted based on their respective track records and approaches. Of the 38 firms, nine were from Singapore, 10 from Japan, nine from the United Kingdom, three from the Netherlands, six from the United States and one from Australia.17 In September 2006, NParks announced that British landscape consultancy Grant Associates had been chosen to design Bay South, while Bay East would be designed by London-based firm Gustafson Porter.18 The design for Bay Central was left open pending public feedback.19 The designs for the Gardens were displayed at the Singapore pavilion at the Venice Biennale.20

In June 2007, Marina City Park and Marina South Promenade were closed for the construction of the Gardens.21 The ground-breaking ceremony was held in November, and it was announced that the Gardens would cost an estimated S$900 million, receive around 2.7 million visitors each year and generate some S$1 billion in tourism receipts over 10 years.22

During the construction of the Gardens, NParks acquired plants and trees from numerous sources worldwide.23 A S$7-million research facility was set up at HortPark, comprising six glasshouses that simulated various climatic conditions and enabled NParks to test the most efficient methods of getting non-native flowers to bloom.24 In April 2008, NParks received the first shipment of plants meant for the Gardens – a S$2-million collection of bromeliads native to the Americas. The collection consisted of 210,000 bromeliads of more than 3,000 varieties.25

The capping of the first conservatory in the Gardens – Bay South’s Flower Dome – was completed in February 2011.26 In October, the water-themed Bay East was opened for interim public use.27 The Flower Dome was opened for a week-long preview from 14 to 20 November 2011, in conjunction with the World Orchid Show.28

Construction costs for Bay South had risen more than 30 percent by then, but were kept manageable through the use of cost-efficient technologies, an increase in public funding and corporate sponsorship of a number of the Gardens’ features.29 Bay South opened to the public on 29 June 2012, while Bay East (open as an interim garden) and Bay Central were slated to open at a later date.30 

Gardens by the Bay was conferred the World Building of the Year Award at the prestigious World Architecture Festival held in Marina Bay Sands in October 2012, the first time that the festival took place outside of Barcelona, Spain. The Cloud Forest and Flower Dome conservatories also received an award for best display building.31

Bay South
Envisioned as a garden filled with colour and vibrancy throughout the year, Bay South is the largest of the three gardens at 540,000 sq m.32 The garden showcases tropical blooms and colourful foliage, as well as ethnic and colonial-themed areas where visitors can learn about the link between plants and Singapore’s history.33 There are two conservatories in Bay South: the Flower Dome that replicates the cool-dry climate of the Mediterranean and hosts baobabs and olive trees, among others; and the Cloud Forest with a cool-moist climate akin to tropical montane regions situated 1,000–3,500 m above sea level.34 The two conservatories contain over 220,000 plants and span a combined area of 23,000 sq m (2.3 ha), equivalent to four football fields.35

The Gardens’ 18 Supertrees are all located in Bay South, with the tallest steel-framed concrete structure standing at 50 m and the shortest at 25 m.36 Each Supertree is covered with nearly 163,000 plants of more than 200 species and varieties, including bromeliads, orchids and tropical flowering climbers.37 The Supertrees, inspired by the giant trees of the rainforest, also function as exhaust vents for the conservatories and as dining spaces. Eleven of them have environment-friendly features such as solar panels and water harvesters.38 Bay South also contains individual themed gardens such as the Heritage Gardens, lakes, and over 9,000 sq m of commercial space.39

The Gardens’ energy needs, such as the cooling of the conservatories, are partially met by an underground bio-mass boiler that utilises horticultural and organic waste to power a steam turbine.40 The conservatories are cooled by chilled water pipes at ground level, which allow warm air to be vented out at high levels, while a liquid desiccant system dehumidifies the air in the Gardens, reducing energy usage.41

Satay by the Bay
A food court, Satay by the Bay, was opened in the Gardens in January 2013. The concept was inspired by the old Satay Club near the Padang, which was torn down in 1995 to make way for development in the area. The food court covers 2,000 sq m and can seat 1,000 people. Other than its 28 stalls, it has an outdoor area that recreates the atmosphere of the old Satay Club by the use of pushcarts selling satay alongside low tables and stools for customers to sit and have their meal.42

Programmes and events

The Gardens have organised several notable programmes and events.43 In February 2013, GB Ambassadors, a scheme for guided tours led by Girl Guides and Brownies, was started to foster an interest in nature among youths. Under the scheme, guides would lead fellow students along two new nature trails in the Gardens.44 In May 2013, Tulipmania, a showcase of tulips from the Netherlands, was held at the Gardens. KLM Royal Dutch Airlines sponsored the planting of 40,000 bulbs in the Flower Dome.45 In July 2013, Italian sculptor Roberto Visani’s seed artworks were exhibited, for the first time outside of Italy, in the Gardens.46

The Gardens celebrated its first anniversary in June 2013 with a concert at the Meadow featuring local singers.47 It also staged Mystical Supertrees, a light-and-music show that lit up the tree trunks and illuminated the sky with a dazzling array of images.48 By then, the Gardens had welcomed over five million visitors.49

The Gardens also hosted other events in 2013, such as the Spring Wave Music Festival from Taiwan and the Singapore Social Concerts; the latter were held in conjunction with the inaugural international Social Star Awards that recognised popular personalities in the world’s top social media platforms.50

Timeline
2005:
 Conceptualisation of the Gardens.51
Jan 2006: Competition for masterplan and design.52
Sept 2006: Grant Associates and Gustafson Porter designs are selected.53
Nov 2007: Ground-breaking ceremony.54
Apr 2008: The Gardens receives its first shipment of plants.55
Feb 2011: The capping of the Flower Dome is completed.56
Nov 2011: Preview of Bay South.57
29 Jun 2012:
 Official opening of Bay South.58
Oct 2012: The Gardens wins World Building of the Year award.59
Jan 2013: Satay by the Bay opens.60
Feb 2013: Launch of GB Ambassadors.61
Jun 2013: The Gardens celebrates its first anniversary.62



Authors

Alvin Chua and Jan Yap



References
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2. Gardens by the Bay seeks to rival Central Park. (2009, January 26). The Edge. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2; Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Birch, A. (2010, March 29). Solutions: Sustainability – project: Gardens by the Bay. Building Design. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Tan, D. W. (2012, June 29). Gardens by the Bay not an easy decision: PM. The Straits Times, p. 1; Hong, X. Y. (2008, April 1). A $2 million start to a $900 million garden. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
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10. Lim, J. (2010, June 25). Bay South to partially open in Nov 2011. The Straits Times, p. 2; Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2; Foreign firms eye green waterfront project. Today, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
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12. Tor, C. L. (2006, January 26). Green, the colour of money. Today. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2; Ramchandani, N. (2007, November 10). Gardens to do a Garden City proud. The Business Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
13. Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
14. Lee, K. S. (2006, January 21). Flower power to spice up Marina Bay. The Business Times, p. 8; Shankari, U. (2006, September 7). Marina Bay gardens to cost $300–400m. The Business Times, p. 11; Tor, C. L. (2006, August 10). A green spot close to our hearts. Today, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Tor, C. L. (2006, January 21). Where blue meets green. Today. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
15. Lee, K. S. (2006, January 21). Flower power to spice up Marina Bay. The Business Times, p. 8; Tor, C. L. (2006, March 23). Foreign firms eye green waterfront project. Today, p. 8; Lee, U.-W., & Tor, C. L. (2006, September 7). The green thumbs-up. Today, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; National Parks. (2002, April 13). Ten teams of design firms short-listed for Gardens by the Bay International Master Plan competition [Press release]. Retrieved from National Parks website: https://www.nparks.gov.sg/news/2006/4/ten-teams-of-design-firms-shortlisted-for-gardens-by-the-bay-international-master-plan-competition
16. Lee, U-W., & Tor, C. L. (2006, September 7). The green thumbs-up. Today, p. 1; Pereira, M. L. (2006, April 18). 10 teams vie for Marina parks project. The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Tor, C. L. (2006, January 26). Green, the colour of money. Today. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; National Parks Board. (2002, April 13). Ten teams of design firms short-listed for Gardens by the Bay International Master Plan competition [Press release]. Retrieved from National Parks website: https://www.nparks.gov.sg/news/2006/4/ten-teams-of-design-firms-shortlisted-for-gardens-by-the-bay-international-master-plan-competition
17. Pereira, M. L. (2006, April 18). 10 teams vie for Marina parks project. The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
18. Lee, U-W., & Tor, C. L. (2006, September 7). The green thumbs-up. Today, p. 1; Shankari, U. (2006, September 7). Marina Bay gardens to cost $300–400m. The Business Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Kolesnikov-Jessop, S. (2007, January 26). Inspiration blooms in Singapore. The International Herald Tribune. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Yeo, N. (2011, September 17). Bay East’s accidental landscape architect. The Business Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
19. Lee, U-W., & Tor, C. L. (2006, September 7). The green thumbs-up. Today, p. 1; Shankari, U. (2006, September 7). Marina Bay gardens to cost $300–400m. The Business Times, p. 11; Tor, C. L. (2006, October 7). Satay by the Bay, they say. Today, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
20. Design Singapore. (2006, August 18). Singapore built & unbuilt showcases the ideas that shape our city at Venice Biennale [Press release]. Retrieved from Design Singapore website: https://www.designsingapore.org/who_we_are/media_centre/media_releases/06-08-18/singapore_built_unbuilt_showcases_the_ideas_that_shape_our_city_at_venice_biennale.aspx
21. National Parks Board. (2007, May 23). Start of site preparatory works for Gardens by the Bay [Press release]. Retrieved from National Parks website: https://www.nparks.gov.sg/news/2007/5/start-of-site-preparatory-works-for-gardens-by-the-bay
22. Ramchandani, N. (2007, November 10). Gardens to do a Garden City proud. The Business Times, p. 2; Tan, H. L. (2007, November 10). $1b promise of this green oasis. Today, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
23. Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
24. Kesava, S. (2007, December 7). $7m project to bring ‘spring’ to S’pore. The Straits Times, p. 62. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
25. Hong, X. Y. (2008, April 1). A $2 million start to a $900 million garden. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
26. National Parks Board. (2011, February 15). Speech by Mr Mah Bow Tan, Minister for National Development at the capping of the Flower Dome on 15 February 2011 at 9.20am, Gardens By the Bay. Retrieved from National Parks website: https://www.nparks.gov.sg/news/2011/2/speech-by-mr-mah-bow-tan-minister-for-national-development-at-the-capping-of-the-flower-dome-on-15-february-2011-at-920am-gardens-by-the-bay; Chan, J. (2011, February 16). Gardens on the Bay on track to bloom next year. Today, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
27. Gardens by the Bay. (n.d.). How we created a city in a garden. Retrieved 2016, December 2 from Gardens by the Bay website: http://www.gardensbythebay.com.sg/en/the-gardens/our-story/history-and-development.html; Mahtani, S. (2012, March 10). State-of-the-art gardening, Singapore-style. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Yeo, N. (2011, September 17). Bay East’s accidental landscape architect. The Business Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
28. Special preview of Gardens by the Bay. (2011, November 13). The Straits Times, p. 17. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
29. Bay South to partially open in Nov 2011. (2010, June 25). The Straits Times, p. 2; Chan, J. (2011, February 16). Gardens on the Bay on track to bloom next year. Today, p. 1; Ng, K. L. (2012, May 1). $8m sponsorship for 2 attractions at Gardens by the Bay. The Straits Times, p. 8; Tan, D. W. (2012, June 29). Gardens by the Bay not an easy decision: PM. The Straits Times, p. 1; Tan, H. L. (2007, November 10). $1b promise of this green oasis. Today, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
30. Poh, H. (2012, June 30). 10,000 people visit gardens in first 12 hours. The Straits Times, p. 10; Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG;Mahtani, S. (2012, March 10). State-of-the-art gardening, Singapore-style. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
31. Zachariah, N. A. (2012, October 6). Gardens by the Bay wins top awards. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
32. Bay South to partially open in Nov 2011. (2010, June 25). The Straits Times, p. 2; Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Birch, A. (2010, March 29). Solutions: Sustainability – project: Gardens by the Bay. Building Design. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Kesava, S. (2007, December 7). $7m project to bring ‘spring’ to S’pore. The Straits Times, p. 62; Lee, U-W., & Tor, C. L. (2006, September 7). The green thumbs-up. Today, p. 1; Pereira, M. L. (2006, April 18). 10 teams vie for Marina parks project. The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
33. Lee, K. S. (2006, January 21). Flower power to spice up Marina Bay. The Business Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Said-Moorhouse, L. (2012, June 8). Solar-powered ‘supertrees’ breathe life into Singapore’s urban oasis. CNN Wire. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
34. Chan, J. (2011, February 16). Gardens on the Bay on track to bloom next year. Today, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Gardens by the Bay seeks to rival Central Park. (2009, January 26). The Edge. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Yeo, N., & Tay, K. (2011, September 17). A people’s garden takes root. The Business Times, p. 1; Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Mahtani, S. (2012, March 10). State-of-the-art gardening, Singapore-style. The Wall Street Journal; Mahtani, S. (2012, April 4). Sneak peek at Singapore’s Gardens by the Bay. The Wall Street Journal; Birch, A. (2010, March 29). Solutions: Sustainability – project: Gardens by the Bay. Building Design. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
35. Said-Moorhouse, L. (2012, June 8). Solar-powered ‘supertrees’ breathe life into Singapore’s urban oasis. CNN Wire; Mahtani, S. (2012, March 10). State-of-the-art gardening, Singapore-style. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Ramchandani, N. (2007, November 10). Gardens to do a Garden City proud. The Business Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
36. Said-Moorhouse, L. (2012, June 8). Solar-powered ‘supertrees’ breathe life into Singapore’s urban oasis. CNN Wire. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Bay South to partially open in Nov 2011. (2010, June 25). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Gardens by the Bay seeks to rival Central Park. (2009, January 26). The Edge. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2; Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Mahtani, S. (2012, March 10). State-of-the-art gardening, Singapore-style. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Ramchandani, N. (2007, November 10). Gardens to do a Garden City proud. The Business Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
37. Supertrees at Marina Bay. (2011, June 30).  Today, p. 24. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Kolesnikov-Jessop, S. (2011, July 29). Gardens by name, green by nature. The International Herald Tribune. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Ramchandani, N. (2007, November 10). Gardens to do a Garden City proud. The Business Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
38. Said-Moorhouse, L. (2012, June 8). Solar-powered ‘supertrees’ breathe life into Singapore’s urban oasis. CNN Wire. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Kolesnikov-Jessop, S. (2007, January 26). Inspiration blooms in Singapore. The International Herald Tribune; Birch, A. (2010, March 29). Solutions: Sustainability – project: Gardens by the Bay. Building Design; Kolesnikov-Jessop, S. (2011, July 29). Gardens by name, green by nature. The International Herald Tribune. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1; Supertrees at Marina Bay. (2011, June 30).  Today, p. 24. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
39. Gardens by the Bay seeks to rival Central Park. (2009, January 26). The Edge. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Said-Moorhouse, L. (2012, June 8). Solar-powered ‘supertrees’ breathe life into Singapore’s urban oasis. CNN Wire. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Gilfeather, P. (2011, June 5). A jolly green giant. Today, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
40. Kolesnikov-Jessop, S. (2011, July 29). Gardens by name, green by nature. The International Herald Tribune; Said-Moorhouse, L. (2012, June 8). Solar-powered ‘supertrees’ breathe life into Singapore’s urban oasis. CNN Wire; Birch, A. (2010, March 29). Solutions: Sustainability – project: Gardens by the Bay. Building Design. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Yeo, N., & Tay, K. (2011, September 17). A people’s garden takes root. The Business Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
41. Kolesnikov-Jessop, S. (2011, July 29). Gardens by name, green by nature. The International Herald Tribune; Birch, A. (2010, March 29). Solutions: Sustainability – project: Gardens by the Bay. Building Design. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/; Yeo, N., & Tay, K. (2011, September 17). A people’s garden takes root. The Business Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
42. Lin, M. (2013, January 4). Satay Club nostalgia at Gardens by the Bay. The Straits Times, p. 6; Lin, M. (2013, April 26). Nostalgia on a skewer. The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
43. Gardens by the Bay. (n.d.). Our story. Retrieved 2016, December 2 from Gardens by the Bay website: http://www.gardensbythebay.com.sg/en/the-gardens/our-story/introduction.html
44. Poon, C. H. (2013, February 17). Girl Guides to lead nature trail tours at Gardens. The Straits Times, p. 13. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
45. Lee, A. (2013, April 26). Tulips from Netherlands bloom in Gardens by the Bay. The Business Times. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
46. Huang, L. (2013, July 9). Sowing seeds of inspiration. The Straits Times, p. 22. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
47. Sim, R. (2013, June 30). Thousands gather for Gardens’ 1st anniversary. The Straits Times, pp. 2–3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
48. Teo, S. J. (2013, July 3). Gardens by the Bay turns one in style. The Business Times. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
49. Sim, R. (2013, June 30). Thousands gather for Gardens’ 1st anniversary. The Straits Times, pp. 2–3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
50. Chan, B. (2013, May 6). Smashing Spring Wave. The Straits Times, p. 8; Kok, M. (2013, May 25). Cool weather, big stars, sizzling hot music. The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
51. Tan, D. W. (2012, June 29). Gardens by the Bay not an easy decision: PM. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Said-Moorhouse, L. (2012, June 8). Solar-powered ‘supertrees’ breathe life into Singapore’s urban oasis. CNN Wire. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
52. Lee, K. S. (2006, January 21). Flower power to spice up Marina Bay. The Business Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
53. Lee, U.-W., & Tor, C. L. (2006, September 7). The green thumbs-up. Today, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
54. Ramchandani, N. (2007, November 10). Gardens to do a Garden City proud. The Business Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
55. Hong, X. Y. (2008, April 1). A $2 million start to a $900 million garden. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
56. National Parks. (2011, February 15). Speech by Mr Mah Bow Tan, Minister for National Development at the capping of the Flower Dome on 15 February 2011 at 9.20am, Gardens By the Bay. Retrieved from National Parks website: https://www.nparks.gov.sg/news/2011/2/speech-by-mr-mah-bow-tan-minister-for-national-development-at-the-capping-of-the-flower-dome-on-15-february-2011-at-920am-gardens-by-the-bay
57. Bay South to partially open in Nov 2011. (2010, June 25). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
58. Lim, J. (2012, April 4). Gardens by the Bay opens on June 29. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
59. Zachariah, N. A. (2012, October 6). Gardens by the Bay wins top awards. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
60. Lin, M. (2013, January 4). Satay Club nostalgia at Gardens by the Bay. The Straits Times, p. 6; Lin, M. (2013, April 26). Nostalgia on a skewer. The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
61. Poon, C. H. (2013, February 17). Girl Guides to lead nature trail tours at Gardens. The Straits Times, p. 13. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
62. Sim, R. (2013, June 30). Thousands gather for Gardens’ 1st anniversary. The Straits Times, pp. 2–3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at 2013 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

Subject
Gardens
Parks
Streets and Places
Nature>>Plants
Parks--Singapore
Architecture and Landscape>>Streets and Places
Gardens--Singapore
Parks and gardens
Plants


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