�Everyone should work hard to make India a developed country in 2020�
There are various sector in India that needed to be discussed where the strength, weakness, opportunities and threats lies. In the present scenario, Indians are stronger in the Software (Information Technology IT) field and the country is famous for a slogan �Knowledge Pool�. Likewise India has weakness in many categories too and they are briefly discussed under with some statistics:
India: An Internal View
Population & Pollution
The total population is of over 1 billion which will increases to 1.46 billion by 2035 to cross China. The huge populations will result in higher unemployment and deterioration of quality. Literacy, also a worsening factor in India is yet another factor to be discussed. According to 1991 census, 64.8% of Population was illiterate and male ratio holds 75.3 and female rate is of 53.7%. The literacy level in Rajasthan is very poor and even that has been crossed by Bihar in the recent trend. The major downtrend of education is due to the employment of child labor which is spread all over India and this should be totally eradicated by the way of surveillance and a good educational system must be implemented properly by the Government.
China today is in the top of population table. But this position will not be prolonged for ever. China has already taken an effective step to prevent it and their motto is to improve the infrastructure as well as the total systems to meet their demand in the forthcoming years. India, is still not taking an effective method to control the population will in turn be reflected in a big way.
Pollution is one more threat to the environment, for the countries prospects. This has been experienced more in urban areas mainly in metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore etc. The water pollution by the sewage seepage into the ground water and improper maintenance will lead to various diseases which in turn can affect the next generation. In most of the cities there is no proper sewage disposal. The Government has to take effective steps to control population which, in turn, will minimize the pollution.
Poverty questions the entire strengths of India�s political view and minimizes the energetic way of approach. The shortfall of rains, enormous floods, unexpected famine, drought, earthquake and the recent tsunami hit the country in a negative way. The proactive approach through effective Research and Analytical study helps us to determine the effects in advance and proper allocation of funds is a prerequisite. In developed countries like US, Japan precautionary methods are adopted to overcome this, but it has to be improved a lot in our systems (India).
Increased population is one of the major reasons for poverty and the Government is unable to allocate the basic needs to the society. India, has an estimated population of over 1 billion people with nearly 400 million people living below the poverty line and 90% of active population is in informal economy. The children are forced to become a child labor due to their poverty, differential caste system and untouchables are still customary in some of the states in India. They are working in match industry for daily wages, as servants, mechanics, stone breakers, agricultural workers etc. The education should be mandatory for under 14�s and to prevent child labor, existing laws which favors the Anti Child Labor Act should be implemented by the Government vigorously. There are many social welfare organizations fighting against child labor, aiding them for a better life.
The one disease which has slowly spreads its wings into the country is corruption. �The corruption report released by BBC News 29th August 2002, says that the least corruption nation starts from the countries like Finland, Denmark, New Zealand, Iceland, where the Britain stands in the 10th place, while US in 16th, Germany 18th, Japan 20th, Sri Lanka in 52nd, India stands along with Russia in 71st place and Pakistan at 77th place sharing with Zimbabwe. Bangladesh is at the bottom which is the most corrupt country in the world�.
Communication & Technical skills
India is a country with a huge population. More population will result in cheap cost by virtue of the demand supply concept. Most of the foreign countries try to utilize this factor by outsourcing their business in India with a very low capital. According to US, India is a �Knowledge pool� with cheap labor. The major advantage is our Communication and Technical skill which is adaptable to any environment. The cutting edge skill in IT of our professionals will help the outsourcing companies to commensurate with the needs of the consumers in a short span. The major competitors for India are from China and Philippines and by the way of an effective communication and expert technical ability, Indians are ahead the race.
The Central Government supports the States by the way of increasing the business opportunity and decreasing the unemployment by promoting the outsourcing, lending finances to the State Government to fulfill the needs to overcome poverty, natural calamities and for periodical assessments. By the rapid development in the BPO sector, the Central Government took an adequate step to gather business in plenty of ways by improving Infrastructure through necessary funds to the State Government. The major Metropolitan states like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Pune etc are targeting vigorously in the outsourcing field by giving various amenities to the outsourcing companies like Tax concession, allotting of land etc., to start their businesses in its cities without any hurdles. Thereby most of the MNCs preferred India as their destinations and capitalize the resources to maximize their assets.
Foreign Exchange Reserves
During 2003-04 the foreign exchange reserves which includes gold, SDRs and the reserve position in IMF accounted to $113.0 billion
Despite some unflattering findings of UNDP report (2002) on human development, and some equally disturbing distortions thrown up by Census 2001, on socio-economic scenario, there is every reason to envision an India of 2020 as a strong, stable and successful power in its own right.
When the President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam exhorts people, especially the children, to think big and strive for bigger aspirations and achievements, he shows the way how to envisage the vision 2020 and translate it into a reality.
No doubt, visionaries sell dreams and talk of visions so that people at large are excited and exercised to make the best of their caliber and capabilities, in turning sand into gold, and dreams into roaring realities.
With our rich and powerful cultural tradition, our huge reservoir of trained man power, our considerable natural resources and our growing defense capabilities, we have the potential to make a major contribution to the emerging global society, so as to ensure a stable, multi-polar world in the years to come. But this will be possible only if we learn the lessons that contemporary history is teaching us loud and clear.
The years ahead are full of promises. It is up to us how we use our prudence and potential to make the best that we possess, both in physical and intellectual terms.
Since beggars are never choosers, it is in the fitness of things that we learn to stand on our own legs and see straight into the future that beckons us, to make new strides and carve a niche for India that is both sturdy and sustainable.
Mere wishful thinking leads nowhere. The tendency to look before and after and pine for what is not has to be replaced by an attitude of action in the living present. Nations do not become great by accumulating heaps of gold, but only by men/women who are determined to chisel the present in such a way that the future unfolds itself exactly the way we have worked for it.
Long standing problems are never cured by short-cuts. Freaks of fortune cannot take the place of meticulous plans and programs.
In order to achieve our goal of a vigorous polity, by 2020, we have to put all the contentious issues on the back-burner. With our faculties of head and heart focused on ‘Vision-2020’, we have no choice but to harness our energies for productive purposes only. With the endurance of a camel and the patience of a saint, we have to look ahead and claim what is our due as the second largest country of the world.
If the present trends are any guide, we can hopefully look forward to making faster development on various fronts that help measure the resourcefulness and resilience of a country.
Notwithstanding a few discernible hiccups erupting here and there on the politico-economic landscape, the indications are indeed positive. In the years to come, if our heads and hearts remain at their proper place, and we could take care of our social sectors with much more care and concern than what we have done in the past, there is every likelihood of India withstanding any challenge that time might throw up.
It seems the worst is over as far as the uncertainties of the Gulf War are concerned. The spectre of drought too has disappeared and India is on the move to reach its coveted goal of becoming an economic power, fully supported by its military might. The doubting Thomases should be rest assured that India is ready to take its rightful place at the global high table.
Lest we forget the robust role that the dispensation of social justice plays in the life of a nation-State, it is imperative that the fruits of economic progress percolate to the last person. Unless the Indian polity ensures a level playing ground to one and all, all our claims of a resurgent economy, rising foreign exchange reserves, inflation under control and the like shall prove pre-mature and precarious.
Inspired by the ‘Vision-2020’, we are conscious that we are a continent sized economy. When we begin to hum, the world will hear our song. Rightly, the policy makers have also worked out what they call a “strategic vision” for India. This includes global acceptance of India as a nuclear weapons power, and getting a seat in the UN Security Council. We need to project ourselves in the region. A global role has to be built on a regional foundation.
No doubt, the road ahead is arduous. Endowed with massive manpower, abundant natural resources, a rich and riveting heritage, our prowess is not confined to any one field. A new study has ranked India second in the world, next only to the US, in terms of distribution of certified professionals in nine major categories, including computer software, finance and health care.
“Only by the highest and best can we judge a nation; the fallen are a race in themselves”. —Swami Vivekananda.